Wisdom teeth or the third molars happen to be the last set of permanent teeth that emerge in the late teens and early twenties. They are vestigial in nature and we donâ€™t actually need them. Our ancestors needed them to grind plant tissue more effectively. But these days the mouths are smaller than that of the ancestors and these third molars are not at all required by us.
Wisdom tooth extraction happens to be a common dental procedure, but everyone gets anxious regarding their wisdom tooth and their extraction. So, in order to drive away your fear, here are some essential facts about the third molars that you should know, so that you are able to take a more informed decision after taking advice from a proficient dentist at the nearest dental clinic. Just read on.
- Not Everyone Will Get the Wisdom Teeth â€“ Most of us do have wisdom teeth but there are also those who donâ€™t. This is mostly genetic which is related to the gene called PAX9 that has a crucial role to play in the development of the primate tooth. There are people have genetic differences that make them less likely to develop these molars. For example, the indigenous people of Mexico have complete wisdom tooth agenesis. If you are a Hispanic person who has a high degree of indigenous ancestry you may not get the wisdom tooth at all.
- Wisdom Tooth Extraction Happens to be a Common Dental Procedure â€“ Wisdom tooth extraction happens to be a common oral procedure, but no one wants to experience it. A vast majority of the people are suggested by the dentists to get this removed. Molars are essentially the last set of the teeth to erupt and between the age of 17-25 years and they are located at the top or bottom or back part of the mouth. Usually, an average person grows four molars, but some people have more while the others donâ€™t grow any wisdom tooth at all.
- Wisdom Teeth Can be Problematic – While the wisdom teeth arenâ€™t always bad, but they become problematic that can cause cysts, infections and damage to the nearby gums. The problem occurs when the teeth get impacted. However, even before that, decay can emerge as a serious problem as the teeth are hard to be reached and properly cleaned.
- Wisdom Teeth Should be Extracted in Most Casesâ€“ After the emergence of the wisdom teeth, it must be removed as soon as possible. Wisdom teeth are the ones that are most frequently removed and that happens for a good reason. They have a high probability of causing oral issues including the following:
- Tooth Decay â€“ Wisdom teeth are likely to develop cavities and dental carries. If you do not treat it, these cavities can cause pulpitis which is the inflammation of the pulp of the teeth. The pulp happens to be one of the four types of tissues that can make up the teeth and it usually contains blood cells and is mostly soft. It causes a throbbing pain and it can reach to the tooth root. It is better to remove the tooth before any such thing occurs as they will be extracted anyway.
- Tooth Inflammationâ€“ Pericoronitis can occur because of this which is a type of tooth inflammation surrounding a partially erupted wisdom tooth and this usually occurs to the lower tooth. It causes unpleasant taste in the mouth, pain and visible swelling in the gums. This is common in people in their late teens or early twenties.
- Impact on Wisdom Teeth – Wisdom teeth can get impacted and they never erupt completely under such circumstances. This can cause a dangerous infection a well as inflammation. They can also damage the other teeth nearby.
- Wisdom Teeth May Not Always Generate Pain or Discomfortâ€“ It doesnâ€™t mean that your wisdom tooth is unproblematic if you feel no pain at the back of your mouth. There are cases when problem occurs without the manifestation of the symptoms. The best way to keep at bay any problems in this regard is to keep a check on the wisdom tooth regularly. Only then you can understand whether you should keep the molars, or you need to remove them.
- At Times, Extraction is Not the Best Option -Wisdom teeth are generally removed to prevent any further problem to the mouth from occurring. But sometimes, extraction is not the best option. This is because for some patients the extraction can lead to the damage of the nerve. Your dentist who you can find by typing in â€œdental clinic near meâ€ in your search engine can suggest you whether extraction will be possible in your case. Otherwise you may be recommended to an oral surgeon who is a specialist and will be able to help you if there are complications in your case.
The above are some of the essential facts about wisdom teeth that will enlighten you and give a clearer idea about what they are, what complications you can expect from them and why they need to be removed so that you do not face any trouble and can prepare yourself to make the right choice when the need arises.